How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

Before you refinish an old wood flooring, you'll have to get rid of the old coats of varnish. Discover ways to sand wood floor covering utilizing three kinds of sanders.

How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors


  • sandpaper
  • fabric
  • flooring drum sander
  • corner sander
  • vacuum
  • edge sander
  • broom


  • wood surface


How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

Prepare the Space

The instructions of sanding will depend upon the flooring's condition. If it is relatively flat, it might be possible just to utilize the sander up and down the boards' grain. If the flooring is irregular or has a thick covering of paint or varnish, begin throughout the grain. Sanding at an ideal angle to boards might harm them, so sand at 45 degrees. Cross the space in one instruction, then the other before ending up along the grain. Decrease the coarseness of the sandpaper as you advance, ending up with the finest grade.

Safeguarding Yourself and Your House

Sanding is a really dirty, loud and unpleasant task. Use protective clothes, consisting of ear protectors and a breathing mask. Cover and mask around doors to avoid dust from spreading out throughout your house (image 1). Open all windows, so that you operate in a well-ventilated space.


You require three sanders: a durable drum sander (a drum covered in sandpaper that turns at high speed) (image 2); a durable edging sander (Image 3) and a corner sander (Image 4). Each needs sandpaper in a specific shape, which is offered from the rental shop. The paper is costly and will tear if it is not properly fitted. Make certain nails do not extend from the flooring. Disconnect the sander before altering paper, and permit it to cool if any parts have warmed up while in usage.
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How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

Preparation the Flooring

Pin down any loose floorboards (image 1). Set the nail heads underneath the surface area. Inspect the flooring for extending nail or screw heads. If any are protruding, own them listed below the surface area (image 2).

The Drum Sander

With the sander unplugged, loosen the keeping strip on the drum sander and feed a sheet of sandpaper beneath it (image 1). Feed the sandpaper around the drum and protect completion under the maintaining strip, lining up the cut areas with the keeping screws (image 2). Inspect that the paper is tight and properly placed before you tighten up the maintaining screws (image 3). Plug in the sander, tilt it backward so that the drum is raised off the flooring, and begin the device (image 4).


How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

Utilizing the Drum Sander

Lower the drum onto the flooring and make the very first diagonal stumble upon the flooring (image 1). Sand the entire flooring in one instruction. Then alter instructions and make the other set of diagonal stumble upon the flooring, at an ideal angle to the very first runs (image 2). Then alter instructions once again, and run the drum sander throughout the flooring following the instructions of the grain (image 3).


How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

The Edging Sander

Make sure that the sander is unplugged, then utilize the bolt essential provided with the edging sander to reverse the maintaining bolt, and eliminate the old disc of sandpaper (image 1). The secret is frequently kept on a maintaining clip on the underside of the sander. Position a brand-new disc of sandpaper and retighten the keeping bolt to hold the disc firmly in position (Image 2). Make sure the maintaining bolt head is well listed below the sandpaper surface area level. Take a firm hang on the sander before beginning it, and work around the edges of the space (image 3).


How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

The Corner Sander

To alter the sandpaper on a corner sander, merely grab the old paper and tear it off. Line up a brand-new sheet of paper with the pad's face and press it into position (Image 1). Utilize the corner sander to handle the space's corners and to sand any uncomfortable, otherwise unattainable locations such as underneath a radiator (image 2).


How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors

Complete the Flooring

How To Sand And Stain Wood Floors sweep and after that vacuum the flooring to get rid of any particles not held by the Sanders' dust bags, and clean with a wet sponge (Image 1). If you discover any rough locations, sand them by hand. Use your selected surface (image 2). 2 coats of water-based varnish can be used in a day (it dries rapidly), however, some light hand-sanding is required in between coats.